转贴;StarBiz: Earnings up-cycle seen for steel companies


Author: Blue Planet   |   Publish date: Wed, 25 Jan 2017, 12:10 PM 

PETALING JAYA: Local steel players are seeing a turnaround in their fortunes thanks to a recovery in steel prices.
After several years in the doldrums, steel producers are at the early stage of an earnings up-cycle going by the recently concluded results season and are expected to register better earnings in 2017.
KAF Investment Bank noted that after a seasonally slower third quarter, steel prices have resumed their upward march since October on cost-push factors.
“Notably, Chinese coking coal prices have surged around 192% year-to-date (y-t-d) after the Chinese government stepped-up capacity cuts for the coal and steel industries.
“On the other hand, the sentiment-driven rally in iron ore prices (US$72/tonne in November) should normalise in the coming months once demand from Chinese mills start slowing down, and excess capacity eases. Along with improving domestic demand, we expect the steel price recovery to continue in 2017 off a smoother base,” the niche investment bank said in its strategy report for 2017.
Other positive catalysts for the domestic steel industry was the provisional safeguard duties on imported steel bars and wire rods at a rate of 13.9% and 13.4% effective since Sept 26, while the recent closure of ailing steel miller Megasteel Sdn Bhd is a boon for other players like Southern Steel Bhd and Mycron Steel Bhd.
KAF said based on recent channel checks, steel millers were receiving more enquiries from local contractors looking to lock-in their steel requirements following China’s planned capacity cuts of 150 million tonnes by 2020 from the 45 million tonnes forecast this year.
In terms of jobs, a number of infrastructure projects under the 11th Malaysia Plan will move from the planning to implementation stage next year, boding well for buildings materials companies like steel.
Kenanga Research noted that local steel rebar prices trading at the range of between RM1,700 and RM1,850/tonne as at end-September as opposed to the lows of RM1,450/tonne in financial year (FY) 2015 due to China exporting steel rebars at extremely low prices, causing local steel players to register losses.
<a  data-cke-saved-href='/business/marketwatch/stocks/?qcounter=ANNJOO' href='/business/marketwatch/stocks/?qcounter=ANNJOO' target='_blank'>Ann Joo Resources Bhd</a> is a leading steel stockist
Ann Joo Resources is seen as a key beneficiary of rising steel prices premised on its improving cost effectiveness  in producing iron.
It noted that in anticipation of the safeguard measures by local importers, large quantities of steel were imported in June and July this year, surging 11% and 44% year-on-year, respectively.
“However, post implementation of the measures, we expect the imports for Chinese steel to taper down going forward.
“Hence, we believe local steel prices will see more stability and potentially higher prices in the fourth quarter and local steel prices to see significant improvements in pricing from FY17 when these large quantities of Chinese steel imports depletes.
“We believe our average FY17 estimate average selling price assumption of RM1,890/tonnes remains sustainable with the reduction of imports from China,” the research house said in a recent report.
Of the listed steel stocks, Ann Joo Resources Bhd is seen as a key beneficiary of rising steel prices premised on its improving cost effectiveness in producing iron through its blast furnace-EAF hybrid technology whereas other peers in the local market are only using EAF (see chart).
Additionally, all finished steel products manufactured by the company are long products like wire rod and rebars, which are entitled under the safeguard.
On the other hand, Southern Steel Bhd produces long and flat products. Flat products are not entitled for the safeguard.
KAF estimated that for every RM100/tonne increase in bar prices, Ann Joo’s net profit would rise by 18% to 23%.
For the third quarter ended Sept 30, 2016, Ann Joo Resources swung back into profitability with a net profit of RM22.9mil compared with a net loss of RM82.3mil in the same quarter a year ago.
Southern Steel also returned to the black with a net profit of RM19.3mil in the first quarter ended Sept 30, 2016, against a net loss of RM51.9 recorded in the same period previously. The company said the return to profitability was due to higher selling price and lower cost.
Similarly, Malaysia Steel Works (KL) Bhd reversed its loses, albeit a small profit of RM1.2mil in its third quarter ended end-September compared with a RM24.1mil net loss in the same quarter a year ago.
Mycron Steel Bhd, it saw profits jump from RM2.83mil to RM10.1mil, while Lion Industries Corp Bhd narrowed its net loses to RM2.5mil in the first quarter ended Sept 30 from losses of RM16.4mil previously.
The recovery in steel prices has brought back shine to steel stocks on Bursa Malaysia dispelling the gloom plaguing them in recent years.
Shares of Ann Joo Resources and Mycron Steel have risen more than 200% y-t-d.
Malaysia Steel Works closed last Friday higher by 70%, while Lion Industries was up close to one-third from the start of the year.
Despite its strong share price run to RM2.05 as of last Friday, KAF said that Ann Joo Resources “still trades at alluring FY17-FY19 forecast price earnings of seven to eight times versus a robust earnings per share compound annual growth rate of 31%.”
Following the prepayment of the final tranche of its bonds (RM105mil) in May, net gearing is projected to improve to 58% by FY18F versus 86% as at Sept 30, it noted.
Meanwhile, Perwaja Holdings Bhd, which was badly hit by the cheap imports from Chinese steel, is currently placed under PN17 status. The company is waiting for its white knight from China, Tianjin Zhiyuan Investment Group Ltd to initiate a rescue plan soon.
Another factor that may generate interest in the RM41bil domestic steel industry is merger and acquisition (M&A). It was reported that the Federal Government was supportive of any consolidation moves by the local steel players. Malaysia Steel Institute estimated that the consolidation to be undertaken in three phases over a five-year period, could pave the way for a reduction in the number of upstream and upper-mid stream steel players to 25 from 40 currently.
As competition gets keener, analysts do not discount more local steel millers exploring M&A opportunities or strategic tie-ups with foreign players for long-term survival.
Globally, the Chinese government is also targetting more mergers to drive its aim of having its Top 10 millers producing 60% of the country’s steel output.
Steel players to see improve earnings in 2017.

Source: http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/12/12/earnings-up-cycle-seen-for-steel-companies/


Business News

Wednesday, 21 December 2016

Steel could shine in 2017 as China expands capacity controls

SHANGHAI: China has handed the resurgent global steel industry an early boost for next year, with a clampdown on illegal mills that Citigroup Inc says could benefit the world’s biggest producers.
A campaign by China to shutter some induction furnaces, which use scrap as a raw material, may hit as much as 5% of the country’s output, bank analysts including Jack Shang and Tracy Liao wrote in a note received yesterday.
That’s raising prices for Chinese steel, and is poised to prop up iron ore and coking coal markets when blast furnaces ramp up to fill the gap, they said. That will boost steelmakers including ArcelorMittal, the world’s biggest.
“China is the largest exporter of steel in the world and Chinese export prices effectively put the floor under the global steel prices in our view,” the analysts wrote. The crackdown is “changing the investment case for global steel stocks, iron ore and coking coal,” according to the note.
The closures in four provinces show China is using an expanding toolbox of policies to restructure the world’s biggest steel industry after decades of growth.
Stricter environmental rules, and this direct action against illegal small producers, add to measures to cut capacity. At the same time, moves to stimulate growth in Asia’s biggest economy have benefited global steelmakers, with China’s exports poised to fall in 2016 for the first time in seven years.
Steel in Europe and the US could rise US$50 to US$80 a tonne in the next month if Chinese prices hold at current levels, Citigroup said. The price of benchmark hot rolled coil shipped from China has already jumped to US$530, the highest since 2013, according to Beijing Antaike Information Development Co.
Industry data for November shed an early light on how tighter restraints might play out next year, especially if this year’s resurgent demand is sustained. Run-rates at China’s steelmakers didn’t budge in November from October, even though prices were surging on a fresh bout of optimism for demand.
That’s a sign that environmental inspections which began in late-November were already having some impact, analyst Kevin Bai of CRU Group.
Citigroup singled the world’s No.1 producer ArcelorMittal as benefiting from the furnace shutdowns, because it sells iron ore and coking coal to third parties, as well as shipping steel. The firm’s value has surged 135% this year. The swing from scrap to mined raw materials could generate as much as 5 million tons a month of additional iron ore demand, and an extra 2 million tonnes of coking coal consumption, helping to prop up prices, Citigroup said.
“China has focused this year on the so-called zombie plants, but next year it’s going to target operational capacity,” Ren Zhuqian, chief analyst at consultancy Mysteel Research, said from Shanghai last week.
She said it’s possible that steel could follow the coal industry next year, with more direct government intervention.
“Supply-side reform has effectively lifted coal market sentiment this year and the market expects that to shift to the steel sector.” – Bloomberg

Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/12/21/steel-could-shine-in-2017-as-china-expands-capacity-controls/#kh37oeZBUijDEQJr.99

Natural gas price hike discouraging, says Misif

PETALING JAYA: The Malaysian Iron and Steel Industry Federation (MISIF) is opposing the cumulative natural gas price increase of about 23% over the next three years, lamenting that it is a very discouraging decision by the government on high energy-consuming manufacturing entities within the iron and steel industry.
In a statement last Friday, MISIF said the overall and unprecedented steep increase in natural gas price would invariably impose more pressure on production cost and affect the viability and competitiveness of the industry.
It noted that the tariff rebate of RM0.40/MMBtu applicable for the January-June 2017 period, which translates to an average effective tariff of RM26.31/MMBtu, is just a meagre reduction of 2.74% from the previous average tariff.
“More worrisome is the fact that there would be an overall increase of about 23% over the next three years.
“We strongly object to this increase and reiterate our call to the government to adopt a moratorium of any increase in natural gas price for at least the next two years,” it said.
Adding to the woes are the intense competition in the domestic iron and steel industry as well as high influx of imported steel products from all over the world, according to MISIF.
Total Malaysian iron and steel imports this year are expected to reach a record 8.6 million tonnes (7.92 million tonnes in 2015), with China alone contributing 40% or 3.45 million tonnes.
MISIF said the increase in natural gas price will continue to adversely affect the industry’s competitiveness in the international market and severely jeopardise its exports of steel products, which is also expected to continue with its declining trend.
MISIF also highlighted that over the last two years (May 2014 to July 2016), the natural gas tariff had increased five times, from RM16.07/MMBtu to RM27.05/MMBtu, a staggering increase of RM10.98/MMBtu or 68%.
"The new average base tariff as announced would effectively mean that come July 2019, the natural gas price would have increased by an astounding 104% over a five-year period," it said.
Meanwhile, the Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers (FMM) also voiced concern over the impact of possible cumulative gas price increase of 22.6% by end of 2019 amid the uncertainty in the world economy in the next few years.
In a statement last Friday, the association said it hopes the government will continue to consider industries competitiveness against regional competitors in the energy subsidy rationalisation and the proposed transition to market price and to continually assess the impact of price reviews against the prevalent economic and market conditions.
“FMM will continue to advocate for a fair pricing of natural gas, in particular for the locally sourced piped gas, and seek further engagement with the government to obtain further clarity on the basis of the average base tariff determination for the next three years,” it said.
The Energy Commission has approved the average base tariffs for the regulatory period beginning Jan1, 2017 to Dec 31, 2019 whereby the average base tariff is projected at RM32.74 per mmBtu by 2019 from RM26.71 per mmBtu this month.


浅谈SSteel 5665 南钢 2016第二季业绩

--估计2017 年6月财年的Eps =23-25 sen,pe=8,stock price=rm 1.84-2.00
--5665 这次100%可赚$,之前同行6556 annjoo(長钢),5094cscstel (扁钢)都大跑了.
--公司于31-12-2016 的库存有5.33亿零吉,债务为9.45亿.
 股价一旦开跑是很快的. 丰隆集团牢控69.63%
--现rolling 4 quarter 的Eps是亏損 15sen,当Q3,Q4 季报出后将呈現 EPs=23~25 sen ,
市場信心后股价就不是现在的rm1.43 了。




Author: zefftan   |   Publish date: Tue, 14 Feb 2017, 01:06 AM 

灵感来源  【风景画 : 位于中国重庆的 长江三峡, 风景优美】

今天2月13日, CSCSTEL 中钢发布了业绩,结果是很多高位买入的朋友都失望了,很多人都在斟酌明天是否要抛售手上的股票。
值得安慰的是, 如预期一般宣布了超高诱人股息 14 cent , 对目前股价,周息率 6%++ ,还是起到了一定的防护作用。
(声明: 本人手上已无中钢股票)
这时很多人的心中都掀起了涟漪,钢潮是否已退? 钢铁股要 gap down 了 ?

我看未必,很多人都并不是很了解整个钢铁领域,很多人以为后面有个STEEL 或者 METAL的都从事同样的生意,其实不然。以下这个图表分析了市场上的一些钢铁股项。

最基本的,我们应该知道,马来西亚钢铁领域普遍上则分为 长钢 (REBAR / WIRE ROD)  , 扁钢 ( C.R COIL) ,成品钢
这是因为如果要制作 扁钢, 原料(热轧钢HRC) 必须尤外国进口,在去年Q4特朗普竞选期间马币兑美元狂泻 导致这些扁钢制造者必须承担一次性的外汇亏损,进而导致margin 被拉低,因为原料贵了。
据我的观察,本地扁钢制造者过去几年所面对的大问题是LIONCOR售卖的HRC价钱昂贵,所以导致扁钢业者没有margin,现在好不容易LIONCOR倒闭了,以为可以进口到便宜的HRC, 哪里知道外汇因素和HRC涨价因素,而造成进口的HRC无法像以往般便宜。
鉴于此,MYCRON YKGI 有可能会步CSCSTEL 后尘, 交出令人 O_O 的业绩.。
可是,长钢业者就不同了,长钢业者这几年面对的问题是来自于中国的廉价长钢。2016年9月尾,政府对进口长钢实施了进口税 (ANTI DUMPING POLICY),导致进口的长钢更贵了,无法媲美本地价钱,而很多长钢使用者比如建筑公司就迫不及待吨多一些货,这个举动助长了需求,而本地长钢业者也得到进一步调高产品的机会,单单是Q4,长钢价格就涨了大约20%左右。(传统上Q4需求比较少,所以钢铁价格都会回调)。 这意味着长钢业者必然得到很好的profit margin,所以即将来临的业绩报告都值得我们期待。

领域催化剂:各项大型基建工程, 比如捷运2线  (KVMRT2), 东海岸铁路(ECRW),西海岸高速公路(WCE)

来看个股 长钢四侠
ANNJOO 安裕 - 位于北马,拥有国内最先进领先的生产线,profit margin 最高 , 库存量最高 , 带头大哥
SSTEEL 南钢 - 位于北马,据说生产出来的产品素质堪称一绝,价格也比较贵,生意也做得比ANNJOO大
MASTEEL 马钢 - 位于中马,四个里面最小规模
LIONIND 金狮 - 位于中马,生意量最大,政治裙带强

无可否认,ANNJOO,SSTEEL, 和 MASTEEL 都是大可能性持续获利的公司,而且即将来临的业绩有机会是爆炸性的,毕竟Q4产品平均涨价了10-20% 不等。如果这三个股都持续获利,那么所谓的 re-rating 就有可能降临了。
至于LIONIND 我对它的业绩还比较保守因为它的库存量Q3的时候貌似不多,但是此股具备黑马本色,毕竟LIONCOR的苏州屎已经告一段落,该impair的loss也都已经报销了。相信FY2017 LIONIND 应该有机会背水一战,反败为胜,毕竟也是钟廷森爷子的最后堡垒。
值得关注的是,ECRW 是一项亟需耗铁的一项工程,工程大机会由强国公司包办了,但是原料方面应该不会千里迢迢运过来,所以本地钢厂应该有得分一杯。纵观东海岸钢铁厂,比如PERWAJA 和 KINSTEL 应该无法竞争,所以剩下的机会应该是中马那两间。


何谓长钢三叠浪 ?






Why rally in steel stocks is far from over

This article first appeared in The Edge Financial Daily, on February 13, 2017.

KUALA LUMPUR: Many metal stocks have risen sharply of late, mainly due to improving sentiment for commodities in general, supported by China’s commitment to tackle current excess capacity in its steel sector.
A check on 25 steel companies listed on Bursa Malaysia shows that more than half are trading at double-digit price-earnings ratios (PER), ranging from 10.33 times to as high as 74.32 times.
Among the big players, YKGI Holdings Bhd and FACB Industries Incorporated Bhd are trading at PERs of 74.32 times and 25.28 times, respectively.
In theory, the higher the PER ratio, the more expensive the stock. However, analysts see opportunity for investors to get into selective stocks for dividend play.
According to them, as steel prices continue to rally leading to some steel stocks’ prices to triple over the past year, a valuation gap is seen emerging that may open the door for an opportunistic dividend play.
“If things remain status quo, the mid-tier stocks are bound to catch up eventually [in terms of PER valuation],” a senior industry executive told The Edge Financial Daily.
“There could be opportunities for dividend play [as the steel companies’ earnings rebound following years of grappling with the surge of cheap Chinese imports into the local market], especially when a number of companies in the space are family controlled,” he added. Traditionally, family-controlled firms are seen paying some of the highest dividend payouts.
But that’s assuming these family-controlled steel companies whose valuation is lagging behind top-tier stocks, see a surge in profit and their share price continue to improve.
Taking away stocks with PERs at the extreme end such as YKGI and Tatt Giap Group Bhd’s 0.6 times, there are currently four steel stocks trading at single-digit PERs comprising Mycron Steel Bhd (8.87 times), CSC Steel Holdings Bhd (8.56 times), Leon Fuat Bhd (7.99 times) and Eonmetall Group Bhd (5.99 times).
According to the Malaysian Iron and Steel Industry Federation, imports of steel products from China surged 281% to 3.44 million tonnes in 2015 from 904,000 tonnes in 2010 after the Asean China Free Trade Agreement took effect in January 2010.
When contacted, several fund managers and analysts concurred that there is an opportunity for dividend play among the steel stocks, although some remained sceptical due to the cyclical nature of the steel sector which makes dividend payouts not sustainable in the long run.
In February this year, China announced that it will work to cut steel output by up to 150 million tonnes although it did not specify a time frame. The move will cut 500,000 jobs in the steel sector alone, Bloomberg quoted China’s human resources ministry as saying.
China has also committed 100 billion yuan over two years to aid retrenchment schemes, although this fund is also intended for job cuts in the coal sector.
These developments have helped steel prices in Malaysia to recover, alongside rising energy prices and local safeguard duties announced in September for rebar imports. The duties, which took effect for 200 days beginning Sept 26, 2016, are 13.9% for steel coils and 13.4% for reinforced bars respectively. The safeguard duties would be reviewed again in April, according to news reports.
“There were questions about whether China would really hurt its own steel production, but they have been cutting and seem to have the resolve to do this,” said a senior analyst with a local bank-backed research house.
“If the steel production capacity continues to fall, then yes, the worst is over [for Malaysian steel players],” he added.
According to a monthly survey by the Construction Industry Development Board, mild steel round bars in Selangor averaged just under RM2,500 a tonne last December, compared with RM1,800 a tonne a year ago.
“For cyclical sectors such as steel, dividends would be a bonus,” the senior analyst said.
However, two senior fund managers warned that this may not mean the sector is heading in the direction of recovery. They pointed to steel players’ tight cash flow and compressed margins in a high-capital business environment.
For one fund manager, that casts doubt on dividend hopes in general, as any dividend would “depend on [the company’s] cash flow. Their cash flow is very much affected by the commodity cycle and is very hard to predict.”
Do steel stocks still have legs? 
While a couple of market observers opined that the steel recovery prospects in general have not been fully priced in, they are of the view that the cheaper buys in the sector have all been taken.
“The lowest phase has clearly passed and every day the rally continues, the more uncertain it becomes on where we are at the current upcycle,” noted one market observer. “Everyone is assuming things will recover and that things in the steel sector will remain the status quo. But the market is ignoring [possible risks] ahead.”
They include uncertainty over what US President Donald Trump might do amid signals of increasing protectionism from the world’s largest economy.
“The very obvious risk is what would Trump do? If he puts a border tax across the board on imports, a lot of our steel exports can’t get into the US. Our steel exports are not big, but it would impact global steel prices and that would spill over into our steel sector,” said one analyst.
In addition, while steel product prices have recovered, demand outlook is mixed.
A fund manager opined that while major infrastructure projects announced by the government may support demand, that boost is offset by a slowdown in the housing sector, another primary driver.
Such infrastructure works include the Mass Rapid Transit project and the upcoming RM55 billion new East Coast Rail Line that will connect the Klang Valley to the East Coast via 600km of rail tracks.
The Malaysian Steel Institute (MSI), an agency under the ministry of international trade and industry (Miti), estimates a full-year steel products consumption of at least 10.4 million tonnes in 2017, slightly higher than the expected figure for 2016 which will only be confirmed after December’s data is released in early March.
It is understood that MSI and Miti have been pushing to promote the use of local steel products in construction works to boost consumption of the local steel sector’s output.
For investors looking at value buys amid the ongoing rally in the steel sector, a key factor to watch out for is the cost structure, said several fund managers.
This means examining the sub-niches of each player, their type of facilities and comparing them against direct peers. In addition, a look at major shareholdings may add another dimension of interest for those looking to bet on dividends from a potential year of earnings recovery.
“The more efficient players would have a higher net profit margin,” said another analyst. “Also look at how good the management are and how new is their steel milling facilities — newer usually means more efficient.”


Tuesday, 14 February 2017






工钱不用给呐? 灌水泥也很花时间凝固。

Ssteel连续4个季度,Gross Profit 上升。
Operating Expenses 在最高营业额的第三季,
如果懂Fix Cost,Variable Cost, Output 之间的关系,




从以上的BS, 可以看出第二季度PPE的减记。